Acne is a multifactorial inflammatory disease of sebaceous gland follicles of face and trunk. Acne causes comedones, papules, pustules, pseudocysts and abscesses, scars. Acne often assists adolescents and young adults. Many women with acne have associated hormonal imbalances
Causative factors and pathogenesis:
Increased sebum production, hyperkeratinisation of follicles, bacterial infections, production of inflammatory mediators. Comedones results from the impaction and distension of follicle with improperly desquamated keratinocytes and sebum. The comedones in pubertal girls is related to the level of adrenal androgen [hormone] dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate [DHEA-S].excess sebum is another important factor in the development of ACNE.
Sebum production is regulated by androgenic hormones and mediators EGF and IGF-1. EMOTIONAL STRESS, HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES, EXTERNAL APPLICATION OF OILS, FOODwith high fat content also plays an important role in aggravating acne. Acne manifest on face, chest, shoulders and back.comedones are signature lesions of noninflammatory acne. Open comedones are blackheads and closed comedones are whiteheads. Inflammatory lesions include papules, pustules and nodules. Scarring can be a complication of both inflammatory and noninflammatory acne.
Classification of acne
- Neonatal acne in new born babies in the first few weeks after birth.
- Infantile acne
- Senile acne
- Adult onset acne-acne vulgaris,nodulocystic acne
- Acne conglobata- highly inflammatory acne with a mixture of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules and scars.
- Acne fulminans – an ulcerative form of acne with fever, body pain.
- Acne with associated endocrinological [hormonal] abnormalities.e.g: polycystic ovarian syndrome,
- Drug induced acne
- Acne excoriee---excoriating type
- Rosacea- red papules and pustules on the nose, forehead,cheeks and chin, frequent flushing, persistent redness of face.
- Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation secondary to acne------- black pigmentation
Tips for reducing acne:
- Remove excessive oil by washing face regularly with a good face wash
- Do not aggravate inflamed acne by applying oils and chemicals
- Reduce fatty meal
- Correct hormonal problems
- Reduce exposure to dust, sun [especially people having rosacea] and cosmetics
Sulphur, silicea, berberis aquifolium, Eugenia, oleander, calcarea carb, phoshorus.
Hair is an important element of beauty and aesthetic sense of most people.”Adopt a healthy life style your hair also will be healthy “. Hair loss depends on so many factors and hair regrowth also can’t be achieved instantly. It requires regular hair care, nutritional modifications, treating the local and systemic diseases responsible for hair loss and hormonal imbalances. It is only through regaining general health, you can achieve a healthy, lustrous hair.
- Genetic tendency
- Thyroid dysfunction
- Polycystic ovary
- Nutritional deficiency (Iron, Protein, zinc, etc.)
- Skin diseases like Psoriasis, Lichen Planus etc.
- Hormonal factors
- Systemic disease (Liver disease, kidney failure)
- After acute ailments (Viral infection, Typhoid)
- Stress factors (Anxiety, depression)
- Cosmetic treatments like ironing ,coloring etc
- Unknown factors
- Sudden stopping of oral contraceptives
Hair Loss Homeopathic Management
Every case calls for detailed study of the patient individually. There are no disease specific medicines in homeopathy. The exact treatment is determined only on detailed evaluation of the individual case. The causes are addressed with dietary changes, hair care instructions and homeopathic medicines are allowed to stimulate the body to recover from the phase of hair loss. A few commonly used drugs are listed here: natrum Mur, sepia, lycopodium, acid phos, thuja etc.Medicine selection depends on individualization of each case.
Pigmentation of skin
Hyper pigmentation is characterized by a darkening of an area of skin caused by the overproduction of a pigment in the skin known as melanin. Hyper pigmentation results from (1) an abnormally high concentration of melanocytes produce melanin or (2) when melanocytes are hyperactive. For instance, sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin.
- Lentigo/Lentigenes - Lentigo simply means one freckle; lentigenes are multiple freckles.
- Solar Lentigenes - widely known as ‘sun spots,’ ‘age spots’ and ‘liver spots,’ solar lentigenes are freckles caused by sun exposure.
- Melasma - Often known as the ‘pregnancy mask,’ .melasma is caused by hormonal changes due to pregnancy and is characterized by pigmented areas usually on the face
There are various causes of hyper pigmentation, including
- Overexposure to the sun
- Picking at the skin
- Hormonal changes
- Certain medications such as antibiotics, hormone treatments, and anti-seizure drugs
- Inflammation and skin injuries such as acne vulgaris.
Post Inflammatory Hyper pigmentation or PIH occurs after a pimple, burn, cut, abrasion or a minor injury, leaving a mark on the surface of the skin (epidermis) that is darker than the rest of the skin.
Sepia.nat .Mur, sulphur and many other constitutional remedies and external applications.