ENDOCRINOLOGY

Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a person’s body doesn’t make enough of the hormone insulin or can’t use insulin properly. There are 2 types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body’s pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas either doesn’t produce enough insulin or your body’s cells ignore the insulin. Pre-diabetes occurs when blood sugar levels are higher than they should be, but not so high that your doctor can say you have diabetes. Pre-diabetes is becoming more common. It greatly increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms:

Diabetes

Symptoms vary from person to person. The early stages of diabetes have very few symptoms, so you may not know you have the disease. But damage may already be happening to your eyes, your kidneys and your cardiovascular system even before you notice symptoms. Common symptoms include the following:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow-healing wounds, sores or bruises
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Frequent or recurring skin, gum, bladder or vaginal yeast infections

People who have type 2 diabetes may also show signs of insulin resistance, such as darkening skin around the neck or in the armpits, high blood pressure, cholesterol problems, yeast infections and skipped or absent periods in teen girls and women.

Insulin resistance:

Insulin resistance occurs when insulin levels are sufficiently high over a prolonged period of time causing the body’s own sensitivity to the hormone to be reduced. Once the body starts to get resistant to insulin . It can be a difficult process to reverse because the knock on effect of insulin resistance. Higher circulating levels of insulin in the blood stream and weight gain help to further advance insulin resistance. Symptoms include lethargy, hunger, brainfag, high blood pressure. If insulin resistance develops into prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Research is continuing to look more closely into how insulin resistance develops. It is thought that the principal cause of insulin resistance is obesity.

Homeopathic management

Homeopathy provides treatment only for type 2 diabetes. Important homeopathic medicines are phosphorus, lycopodium, sulphur, insulinum, sizygium, gymnema, cephalandra etc.

THYROID DISEASES

Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It synthesizes and releases hormones, thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid hormones have important roles in regulating many metabolic processes in the body. Different types of thyroid disorders affect either its structure or function. The thyroid gland is regulated by TSH, which is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. Normally, when thyroid hormone levels in the body are high, it stops the production of TSH, which in turn stops the thyroid from making more T4 and T3 [feed back mechanism].

There are specific kinds of thyroid disorders that include:

  • Hypothyroidism---low t4 and t3 ,high tsh
  • Hyperthyroidism----high t4 and t3,low tsh
  • Goiter----thyroid swelling
  • Thyroid nodules----- masses or nodules in thyroid gland
  • Thyroid cancer

Hypothyroidism:--

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis, an autoimmune condition where the body makes antibodies that destroy parts of the thyroid gland. Surgical removal and certain medications (e.g., amiodarone, lithium) can also cause hypothyroidism. Other causes of hypothyroidism include pituitary problems, hypothalamus problems, and iodine deficiency .Some babies are born with hypothyroidism .This is called congenital hypothyroidism.

Common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • coarse and dry hair
  • confusion or forgetfulness (often mistaken for dementia in seniors)
  • constipation
  • depression
  • dry, scaly skin
  • fatigue or a feeling of sluggishness
  • hair loss
  • increased menstrual flow (women)
  • intolerance to cold temperatures
  • irritability
  • muscle cramps
  • slower heart rate
  • weakness
  • weight gain

If hypothyroidism isn't treated, the symptoms will progress and a severe form of hypothyroidism, called myxedema, can develop. Symptoms of myxedema include:

  • low body temperature
  • dulled mental processes
  • congestive heart failure[ a condition where the heart pumping insufficient to meet the body's needs for oxygenated blood]
  • Myxedema coma occurs in people with severe hypothyroidisms who have been exposed to additional physical stresses such as infections, cold temperatures, trauma, or the use of sedatives. Symptoms include loss of consciousness, seizures, and slowed breathing.

Hyperthyroidism

It results in high levels of T4 and T3 circulating in the blood. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. This condition occurs when the immune system produces an antibody that stimulates the entire thyroid gland; this leads to over activity and higher levels of thyroid hormones. Another form of hyperthyroidism is called toxic nodular goiter or toxic thyroid adenoma. Adenomas, abnormal nodules of tissue in the thyroid, constantly produce thyroid hormones without any requirement by the body. Secondary hyperthyroidism is caused when the pituitary gland makes too much TSH,[due to pituitary tumour] leading to constant stimulation of the thyroid gland.

Common symptoms include:

  • increased heart rate with abnormal rhythm or pounding (palpitations)
  • high blood pressure
  • increased body temperature (feeling unusually warm)
  • increased sweating
  • clamminess
  • feeling agitated or nervous
  • tremors in the hands
  • feeling of restlessness even though the person is tired or weak
  • increased appetite accompanied by weight loss
  • interrupted sleep
  • frequent bowel movements, sometimes with diarrhea
  • puffiness around the eyes, increased tears, sensitivity to light, or an intense stare
  • bone loss (osteoporosis)
  • stopped menstrual cycles

Graves' disease causes the eyes to bulge out, which may result in double vision. Sometimes, the skin over the shins becomes raised [pretibial myxoedema].If hyperthyroidism is left untreated or is not treated properly, a life-threatening complication called thyroid storm (extreme over activity of the thyroid gland) can occur. Thyroid storm, considered a medical emergency, can also be triggered by trauma, infection, surgery, uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or labour, or taking too much thyroid medication.

Symptoms include:

  • confusion
  • coma
  • fever
  • high blood pressure
  • irregular heartbeat[fibrillations]
  • jaundice associated with liver enlargement
  • mood swings
  • muscle wasting
  • restlessness
  • shock
  • weakness

There are four types of thyroid cancers: papillary, follicular, anaplastic, and medullary cancer. These are associated with radiation treatment to the head, neck, or chest. Genetic mutations might be associated with thyroid cancer and also other cancers might metastasize to the thyroid (e.g., lymphoma].

Diagnosing Thyroid Diseases

Thyroid disease suspected by clinical history and physical exam is confirmed by laboratory tests. Laboratory tests usually measure levels of TSH and thyroid hormones. Serology tests can measure the levels of antibodies associated with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. If thyroid cancer or autoimmune thyroiditis is suspected, a biopsy can be done. Ultrasounds and nuclear thyroid scans allow for visual and functional examination of the thyroid gland or of nodules.

Homeopathic management at serenity global homeopathy

Homeopathic medicines are used chiefly to treat hypothyroidism and sub clinical hypo and hyperthyroidism. Cancers, overt hyperthyroidism with thyroid storm and myxoedema coma are medical emergencies and they do not come under the scope of homeopathic medicinal management. We treat thyroiditis, goiter, colloid nodule, thyroid related psychosis and hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, after investigating each case with diagnostic tests. The prospects of homeopathic cure depend on the duration of illness and structural changes of thyroid, duration of hormonal therapy taken by the patient. Homeopathic medicines are very effective for the beginning stage of hypothyroidism and sub clinical hyperthyroidism. Treatment for a specified time period is essential for bringing back the normal thyroid status and retaining it as normal. In some types of thyroid disorders cure is possible. But in others autoimmunity can trigger disease at some other phase of life on exposure to mental or physical stress. So yearly follow up tests are required in such cases. But in most people such relapse is uncommon after homeopathic cure and a modified life style regarding diet and exercise. The advantage of homeopathy is that, in incurable cases too it helps to remove the mental and physical symptoms of thyroid dysfunction and helps to improve the quality of life.

We have found homeopathic medicines are very effective in patients with mental uneasiness, emotional instability after removal of thyroid gland. The post operative hormone supplementation helps to maintain thyroid hormone status as normal. But most of the patients suffer from emotional instability. Homeopathic medicines reduce anxiety, fear, and depression in postoperative [thyroid removed] patients without any side effects.

Sub clinical hypo and hyper thyroid states[that is only TSH is altered,T3,T4 levels are normal] are often not managed with hormonal supplementation or other forms of medicines in other systems of medicine as there is no consensus regarding the TSH level which require medications and the outcome of side effects of medicines .But these have the potential to progress to clinically overt diseases if left untreated. Non thyroidal illnesses also affects Thyroid function Tests and it simulate sub clinical states. In these states homeopathic constitutional therapy is found to be very effective in bringing back normal thyroid status and in curing associated symptoms and signs of illness.

Note:

To know more about thyroid care visit our page at face book and follow the link of serenity international academy of homeopathic medical science.